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Gardening with Indigenous Plants
Indigenous Plant Use
Identification & Control of Common Weeds
Botanical Name:Lomandra longifolia
synonym:   Xerotes longifolia
Common Name:basket grass , karawun , spiny-headed mat-rush , spiny-head mat-rush
Sold As:Tube ($2.00)
Plant
Type(s):
Rush / Sedge, Grass Like / Strappy, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Popular (home), Popular (bulk), Indigenous Plant Use
Indigenous Plant Use:Young white leaves can be chewed to release starch.  The leaves were used to make strong nets and baskets.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
Growing
Conditions:
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade
Dry, Moist, Well Drained
Size
(HxW):
0.5-1 m x 0.5-1.2 m
Foliage:Bright green, firm and smooth strap-like leaves up to 1m long x 12mm wide
Flowers:Yellowish scented flowers in clusters on branches along a flattened stem, with spiky bracts 3cm long at the base of each flower cluster. Green shiny brown-orange capsules remain for most of the year. Flowers from September to December. Male and female flowers on separate plants.
General
Comments:

Large dense tussock plant. A versatile and hardy landscaping plant, ideal for planting in clusters or in large drifts. Good for stabilising river and creek banks. Grows well beneath established trees. Highly drought and frost tolerant.

Moisture soil is required for growth of the plant, but it would not die out without watering. It is very high tolerant to dryness and does not have pest and disease. The heavy-smelling nectar on flowers can attract pollinating beetles. Food plant for caterpillars.



Further
Information:
  1. Whitehorse Council
  2. Yarra Ranges Council (Victora, close to us)
  3. Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria (VICFLORA, technical, good photos)
  4. Wikipedia (free online encyclopedia)
  5. Australian National Botanic Garden
  6. iNaturalist
  7. Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew UK, technical)
Similar
Plant(s):
Dianella longifolia var. longifolia
Plant
Propagation:

Propagates by seed or clump division. When the fruits are matured and turn brown, sow the seed in moist soil for 6 weeks in the greenhouse/outdoor. Clump division: by dividing the plant into half and plant them in moist soil indoor/outdoor.



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