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Indigenous Plant Use


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Image(s) Botanical Name Common Name(s) Type Size
(HxW)
Acacia mearnsii
synonym: Racosperma mearnsii
black wattle, garrong, green wattle, late black wattleLarge Tree (over 6 m), Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade
Dry, Moist, Well Drained
Gum is used as chewing gum that dissolves as you chew. Bark can be soaked to make a tea, which is claimed to be good for indigestion.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
8-20 m x 6-10 m
Acacia melanoxylon
2 synonyms: Mimosa melanoxylon, Racosperma melanoxylon
australian blackwood, blackwood, blackwood acacia, hickory, mudgerabah, tasmanian blackwoodLarge Tree (over 6 m), Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Fertile, Moist
Seeds are edible and flowers can be cooked and eaten.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
30 m x 15 m
Acacia pycnantha
synonym: Racosperma pycnanthum
golden wattleTree (up to 6 m), Large Tree (over 6 m), Bee Attracting, Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Dry, Moist, Well Drained
Roasted seeds and gum can be eaten. Bark used as a sedative for rheumatism.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
3-10 m x 2-5 m
Allocasuarina littoralis
synonym: Casuarina littoralis
black she-oak, black sheoak, river black-oakLarge Tree (over 6 m), Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Well Drained
The gum can be chewed or made into a jelly by melting in hot water.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
8 m x 5 m
Arthropodium milleflorum
2 synonyms: Anthericum milleflorum, Phalangium milleflorum
pale vanilla lilyLily, Ground Cover (up to 30 cm), Low Growing Shrub (30 cm to 1 m), Popular (home), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Clay, Moist
Tubers can be eaten raw or roasted. Flowers can be eaten raw.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
1 m x 30 cm
Arthropodium strictum
synonym: Dichopogon strictus
chocolate lilyLily, Grass Like / Strappy, Ground Cover (up to 30 cm), Bee Attracting, Bird Attracting, Insect Attracting, Nature Strip, Popular (home), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Well Drained
Tubers can be eaten raw or roasted but the chocolate scented flowers are not edible.  The tubers are juicy and slightly bitter in taste.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
0.2-1.2 m x 20-80 cm
Billardiera mutabilis
synonym: Billardiera scandens
apple berry, apple dumpling, apple dumplings, changeable flowered billardier, climbing apple berry, snot berryClimber / Scrambler / Creeper, Bird Attracting, Nature Strip, Popular (bulk), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade
Dry, Moist, Well Drained
Fruit can be eaten raw when ripe or roasted when green.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
Twining climber with brown stems remaining in lower shrub level.
Bulbine bulbosa
5 synonyms: Anthericum bulbosum, Blephanthera depressa, Bulbine australis, Bulbinopsis bulbosa, Phalangium bulbosum
bulbine lily, golden lily, leek lily, native leek, native onion, wild onion, yellow onion weedLily, Ground Cover (up to 30 cm), Bee Attracting, Bird Attracting, Insect Attracting, Popular (home), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Moist, Well Drained
Tubers can be roasted and eaten, they are sweet tasting and contain calcium and iron.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
20-60 cm x 30 cm
Burchardia umbellatamilkmaids, popoto, star-of- bethlehemLily, Ground Cover (up to 30 cm), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Moist, Wet, Well Drained
Tubers can be roasted or eaten raw.  The potato like tuber are white, fleshy, crisp, and starchy, with a nondescript flavor.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
50 cm high
Centella cordifolia
synonym: Hydrocotyle cordifolia
swamp pennywortGround Cover (up to 30 cm), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Moist, Wet, Boggy, Poorly Drained
Used as a medicinal herb for arthritis and rheumatism.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
1-2 m wide
Clematis aristataaustral clematis, minam 'berang, mountain clematis, old man's beardClimber / Scrambler / Creeper, Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Popular (home), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade
Moist, Wet, Well Drained
Taproot can be roasted and eaten.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
Climbs up to 15 m high
Coprosma quadrifida
2 synonyms: Canthium quadrifidum, Marquisia billardierei
native currant, prickly currant-bushMedium Shrub (1 to 2 m), Tall Shrub (2 to 6 m), Bird Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Partial Shade, Shade
Moist, Well Drained
Berries are sweet and high in vitamin C. They can be eaten raw or cooked.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
2-4 m x 1-1.5 m
Cycnogeton procerum
synonym: Triglochin procera
nareli, polango, swamp arrowgrass, water-ribbonsIndigenous Plant Use, Aquatic
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Aquatic
Both the leaves and tubers can be eaten raw or roasted.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
stems 20-50 cm high
Dianella longifolia var. longifolia
synonym: Dianella laevis
blueberry lily, blue flax-lily, pale flax-lily, smooth flax lilyLily, Ground Cover (up to 30 cm), Low Growing Shrub (30 cm to 1 m), Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Popular (bulk), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Moist, Well Drained
Dark blue or purple berries edibleCAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
30-80 cm x 50 cm
Dianella revoluta var. revoluta
3 synonyms: Dianella admixta, Dianella revoluta f. denticulata, Dianella revoluta f. elongata
black-anther flax-lily, blue-flax lily, blueberry lily, spreading flaxlilyLily, Ground Cover (up to 30 cm), Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Clay, Dry, Well Drained
Dark blue or purple berries edible when ripe.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
0.3-0.8 m x 0.5-1.5 m
Dianella tasmanicablue flax lily, tasman flax-lilyLily, Ground Cover (up to 30 cm), Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Partial Shade, Shade
Moist
Dark blue or purple berries are edible when ripe..CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
1.5 m x 2 m
Einadia nutans subsp. nutansclimbing saltbush, nodding saltbushGround Cover (up to 30 cm), Low Growing Shrub (30 cm to 1 m), Medium Shrub (1 to 2 m), Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Dry
Red berries are sweet to eat. Leaves can also be eaten but should be boiled first.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
30 cm x 1.2 m
Eucalyptus viminalis
3 synonyms: Eucalyptus angustifolia, Eucalyptus gunnii, Eucalyptus viminalis var. rhynchocorys
manna gum, ribbon gum, white gumLarge Tree (over 6 m), Bee Attracting, Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun
Moist
Sugary sap can be eaten, and flowers soaked in water make a sweet drink.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
10-50 m x 8-15 m
Geranium solanderi var. solanderiaustral crane's bill, australian cranesbill, cut-leaf cranesbill, hairy geranium, native carrot, native geranium, southern cranesbillGround Cover (up to 30 cm), Low Growing Shrub (30 cm to 1 m), Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Popular (home), Indigenous Plant Use
Partial Shade
Moist, Well Drained
Woody tap root rich in starch can be cooked and eaten.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
50 cm x 1.5 m, stems to 50 cm long.
Hardenbergia violacea
synonym: Glycine violacea
false sarsaparilla, native sarsaparilla, purple coral pea, sarsparilla vineGround Cover (up to 30 cm), Climber / Scrambler / Creeper, Bee Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Nature Strip, Popular (home), Popular (bulk), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Sandy, Clay, Infertile, Dry, Moist, Well Drained
To make a tea, the leaves need to be initially boiled, then dried.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
2-6 m x 2-3 m
Kennedia prostrata
synonym: Caulinia prostrata
running postman, scarlet coral pea, scarlet runnerGround Cover (up to 30 cm), Low Growing Shrub (30 cm to 1 m), Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Nature Strip, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Well Drained
Nectar is sweet like honeysuckle, stems can be used for twine.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
1-2.5 m wide
Leucopogon virgatus
synonym: Choristemon humilis
common beard heathLow Growing Shrub (30 cm to 1 m), Bird Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Sandy, Infertile, Well Drained
The berries can be eaten.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
up to 50 cm high
Lomandra filiformis ssp coriacea
3 synonyms: Dracaena filiformis, Xerotes filiformis, Xerotes thunbergii
wattle mat-rushLily, Grass Like / Strappy, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Sandy, Clay, Moist, Well Drained
Nectar for food, and the leaves for basket makingCAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
15 x 50 cm
Lomandra longifolia
synonym: Xerotes longifolia
basket grass, karawun, spiny-headed mat-rush, spiny-head mat-rushRush / Sedge, Grass Like / Strappy, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Popular (home), Popular (bulk), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade
Dry, Moist, Well Drained
Young white leaves can be chewed to release starch.  The leaves were used to make strong nets and baskets.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
0.5-1 m x 0.5-1.2 m
Mentha australisaustralian mint, river mint, wild mintGround Cover (up to 30 cm), Low Growing Shrub (30 cm to 1 m), Bird Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use, May not be Indigenous to Whitehorse
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade
Moist, Wet
Leaves can be used to make tea, and also to treat coughs and colds.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
80 cm x 1 m
Microseris walteri
2 synonyms: Microseris aff. lanceolata, Microseris sp. 3
murnong, yam daisyGround Cover (up to 30 cm), Low Growing Shrub (30 cm to 1 m), Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Popular (home), Indigenous Plant Use
Partial Shade
Moist, Well Drained
Tuber can be eaten raw or cooked (roasted or fried).CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
Prostrate, stems to 50cm, 15-50 cm wide.
Microtis spmignonette orchids, onion orchidsOrchid, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Dry, Moist, Well Drained
The tuber can be eaten (probably cooked, don't know about in it's raw state).CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
10-80 cm high
Prostanthera lasianthoscoranderrk, victorian christmas-bushTall Shrub (2 to 6 m), Bee Attracting, Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade
Moist, Well Drained
Aromatic leaves can be used to make tea or flavour food.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
2-6 m x 2-5 m
Prostanthera melissifoliabalm mint-bushMedium Shrub (1 to 2 m), Tall Shrub (2 to 6 m), Indigenous Plant Use, May not be Indigenous to Whitehorse
Partial Shade, Shade
Moist, Well Drained
Aromatic leaves can be used to make tea or flavour food.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
1-3 m x 2-3
Rubus parvifoliusaustralian raspberry, japanese bramble, native raspberry, small-leaf brambleClimber / Scrambler / Creeper, Bird Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Partial Shade, Shade
Dry, Moist, Well Drained
Has edible small fruit somewhat like raspberries but not as sweet.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
0.6-1 m x 0.5-2 m
Solanum avicularekangaroo apple, pam plumLow Growing Shrub (30 cm to 1 m), Medium Shrub (1 to 2 m), Tall Shrub (2 to 6 m), Bee Attracting, Bird Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade
Moist, Well Drained
Has berries which are poisonous while green, but edible once orange.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
1-4 m x 1-4 m
Themeda triandra
3 synonyms: Anthistiria forskalii, Themeda australis, Themeda polygama
kangaroo grassGrass, Grass Like / Strappy, Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Nature Strip, Popular (bulk), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Moist, Well Drained
Seeds can be ground to produce flour.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
40-75 cm (stems to 90 cm) x 50-70 cm
Viola hederacea
synonym: Viola hederacea subsp. hederacea
ivy-leaf, ivy-leaved violet, native violet, wild violetGround Cover (up to 30 cm), Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Popular (home), Indigenous Plant Use
Partial Shade, Shade
Moist, Well Drained
Flowers can be added fresh to salads.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
15 cm x 2 m
Wahlenbergia capillaris
2 synonyms: Campanula capillaris, Wahlenbergia communis
tufted bluebellGround Cover (up to 30 cm), Low Growing Shrub (30 cm to 1 m), Bee Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Popular (home), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Moist, Well Drained
Petals are edible.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
15-50 cm x 15 cm
Wahlenbergia stricta
synonym: Wahlenbergia gracilis var. stricta
austral bluebell, australian bluebell, tall bluebellGround Cover (up to 30 cm), Low Growing Shrub (30 cm to 1 m), Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Popular (home), Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Moist, Well Drained
Flowers are edible and can be used in salads.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
20-50 cm x 40 cm
Xanthorrhoea minor subsp. luteasmall grass-tree, toolimerinLily, Grass Like / Strappy, Ground Cover (up to 30 cm), Bird Attracting, Butterfly Attracting, Insect Attracting, Indigenous Plant Use
Full Sun, Partial Shade
Well Drained
The grassy leaves have an edible base, the young roots are sweet and while the flowers provided nectar the flower stems were used as light-weight spears.CAUTION: Many plants are poisonous if not collected and prepared properly!
0.6-1 m x 0.2-1 m

Displaying 36 plants matching:
Indigenous Plant Use



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